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初中英语语法的说课稿

“说课”是教学改革中涌现出来的新生事物,是进行教学研究、教学交流和教学探讨的一种新的教学研究形式,也是集体备课的进一步发展,下面就是小编整理的初中英语语法说课稿,一起来看一下吧。

一、教学目标

学习反意疑问句

二、教学重点

通过教学使学生掌握反意疑问句的基本句型结构和回答。

三、教学难点

1、主句谓语是think,believe,expect,suppose,imagine等引导的宾语从句,就从句部分提问。

2、陈述句部分主语是不定代词everybody,anyone,somebody,nobody,no one等,疑问部分常用复数they,有时也用单数he。

四、教学程序如下:

初二下学期第十单元安排了学习反意疑问句的教学内容,

(一)、说教学程序:导入——新知识的学习

说设计这个教学程序的基本思路和根据。就初二学生来说他们学习了以下语法项目:be动词(包括be 动词的过去时); There be句型 ?; 行为动词的一般现在时;行为动词的一般过去时;一般将来时;(包括There be句型的一般将来时);现在完成时;现在完成进行时;情态动词和祈使句。因此,我在讲授反意疑问句时,仅仅围绕学生学过的以上语法项目进行反意疑问句的教学并进行反复练习。具体练习作业本(上、下)、典中点中的练习都有,另外,再补充一些总结性的有关反意疑问句的专项练习加以巩固。

(二)、说练习和作业的设计。

检测训练——总结巩固。通过做作业本(上、下)中的练习、典中点中的练习进行训练,再补充一些总结性的有关反意疑问句的专项练习进行检测加以巩固。

(三)、说板书设计:

通过课件展示教学内容(以下各项教学内容)

以下分为十一个部分进行讲解。

反意疑问句

反意疑问句是由两部分组成的,前一部分是对事物的陈述(即陈述句),后一部分是简短的提问(即简短疑问句),中间用逗号隔开。如果前一部分用肯定句,后一部分就用否定疑问句;如果前一部分用否定句,后一部分就用肯定疑问句。两部分的人称和时态要一致。其回答是用yes或no来表示。

一、含be(is,are,was,were)动词的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1:主语+ be+其它,isn’t(aren’t,wasn’t,weren’t)+ 主语?

句型2:主语+ be not+其它,is(are,were) + 主语?

① You are from America,aren’t you? Yes,I am. No,I’m not.

② It isn’t very cold today,is it? Yes,it is. No,it isn’t.

③ Tom was away yesterday,wasn’t he? Yes,he was. No,he wasn’t.

④ The Green weren’t at home last night,were they?

Yes,they were. No,they weren’t.

⑤ Mary is reading English now,isn’t she? Yes,she is. No,she isn’t.

⑥ Your parents aren’t going to have a party this Sunday,are they?

Yes,they are. No,they aren’t.

⑦ The girls were singing when the teacher came in,weren’t they?

Yes,they weren’t.

注意:There be句型

① There is an old picture on the wall,isn’t there?

Yes,there is. No,there isn’t.

② There aren’t any children in the room,are there?

Yes,there are. No,there aren’t.

③ There wasn’t a telephone call for me,was there?

Yes,there was. No,there wasn’t.

④ There were enough people to pick apples,weren’t there?

Yes,there were. No,there weren’t.

二、行为动词的一般现在时的反意疑问句 ? 其句型是:句型1: 主语+动词原形+其它,don’t I(you,we,they)?

句型2: 主语+ don’t+动词原形+其它,do I(you,they)?

句型3: 主语+动词第三人称单数+其它,doesn’t he(she,it)?

句型4: 主语+ doesn’t+动词原形+其它,does he(she,it)?

① You often watch TV in the evening,don’t you? ?Yes,I do. No,I don’t.

② The students don’t study hard,do they? ?Yes,they do. No,they don’t.

③ Mary studies Chinese hard,doesn’t she? ?Yes,she does. No,she doesn’t.

④ The boy doesn’t often go to school by bike,does he?

Yes,he does. ? No,he doesn’t.

⑤ The first class begins at eight,doesn’t it? ?Yes,it does. No,it doesn’t.

三、 行为动词的一般过去时的反意疑问句 ? 其句型是:句型1: 主语+动词过去式+其它,didn’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+didn’t+动词原形+其它,did +主语?

① You watched TV last night,didn’t you? ?Yes,I did. No,I didn’t.

② Jim’s parents didn’t go to Hong Kong last month,did they?

Yes,they did. ?No,they didn’t.

③ The rain stopped,didn’t it? ?Yes,it did. No,it didn’t.

④ Mr. Clarke didn’t buy a car,didn’t he? ?Yes,he did. No,he didn’t.

四、一般将来时的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+will+动词原形+其它,won’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+ won’t +动词原形+其它,will +主语?

① The boys will play games,won’t they? ? Yes,they will. ?No,they won’t.

② It won’t stop raining,will it? ? Yes,it will. ?No,it won’t.

③ Mr. Smith will visit our school next week,won’t he? Yes,he will. No,he won’t.

注意:There be句型的一般将来时

① There will be a basketball match tomorrow,won’t there?

Yes,there will. ?No,there won’t.

② There won’t be too much pollution in the future,will there?

Yes,there won’t.

五、现在完成时的反意疑问句 ? 其句型是:句型1: 主语+have+动词过去分词+其它,haven’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+ haven’t +动词过去分词+其它,have +主语?

句型3: 主语+has+动词过去分词+其它,hasn’t+主语?

句型4: 主语+ hasn’t +动词过去分词+其它,has +主语?

① You have been to Shanghai before,haven’t you? Yes I have. No,I haven’t.

② You haven’t been to Shanghai before,have you? Yes I have. No,I haven’t.

③ Jack has done his homework,hasn’t he? ?Yes,he has. No,he hasn’t.

④ Jack hasn’t done his homework,has he? ?Yes,he hasn’t.

六、现在完成进行时的反意疑问句 ? 其句型是:句型1: 主语+have been+动词现在分词+其它,haven’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+ haven’t been +动词现在分词+其它,have +主语?

句型3: 主语+has been +动词现在分词+其它,hasn’t+主语?

句型4: 主语+ hasn’t been +动词现在分词+其它,has +主语?

① You have been skating for five hours,haven’t you? Yes,I have. No,I haven’t.

② You haven’t been skating for five hours,have you? Yes,I haven’t.

③ Bob has been collecting kites since 1999,hasn’t he? Yes,he hasn’t.

④ Bob hasn’t been collecting kites since 1999,has he? Yes,he hasn’t.

七、含有情态动词的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+情态动词+动词原形+其它,情态动词否定形式+主语?

句型2: 主语+情态动词否定形式+动词原形+其它,情态动词+主语?

① You can speak French,can’t you? ?Yes,I can. No,I can’t.

② They can’t understand me,can they? Yes,they can. No,they can’t.

③ Ann could swim when she was six,couldn’t she? Yes,she could. No,she couldn’t.

④ The students must study hard,mustn’t they? Yes,they must. No,they needn’t.

注意:You must go home now,needn’t you? Yes,I must. No,I needn’t.

八、祈使句用于反意疑问句中 ? 这种类型较特殊,前一部分是祈使句,后一部分是肯定疑问形式。回答也较灵活。

句型1: Let me+动词原形+其它,shall I?

Let me open the door,shall I?

Yes,please. No,thanks.

句型2: Let’s+动词原形+其它,shall we?

Let’s go for a walk,shall we? ?Good idea! ?Sorry,I can’t.

Let's go and listen to the music,shall we?

句型3: Let us +动词原形+其它,will you?

Let us have a reat,will you?

Let us wait for you in the reading-room,will you ?

句型4: 其它形式的祈使句,will you?

Come into the classroom,will you? ?OK.

Please be careful,will you?

九、值得注意的是有时英语的谓语动词并不用否定式(即没加上not),而是用上了“never,little,few,hardly,nothing,nobody”等词,这时该陈述句也属于否定句,因此,反意疑问句的后半部分应用肯定疑问式。① You have never been to Beijing,have you? ?Yes,I haven’t.

② Mr. Fat has few friends here,does he? ? ? ?Yes,he does. No,he doesn’t.

③ There is little milk in the bottle,is there? ? Yes,there isn’t.

④ He could do nothing,could he? ? ? Yes,he could. No,he couldn’t.

十、主句谓语是think,imagine等引导的宾语从句,就从句部分提问。

I don't think he is bright,is he?

We believe she can do it better,can't she?

十一、 陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody,no one等,疑问部分常用复数they,有时也用单数he。

Everyone knows the answer,don't they? (does he?)

Nobody knows about it,do they? (does he?)


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